Research & Writing Aids

A Selected Annotated Bibliography

  1. GENERAL WORKS ON LEGAL WRITING AND LEGAL STYLE
  2. GENERAL STYLE MANUALS
  3. CITATION GUIDES
  4. WORKS ON BRIEF WRITING AND ORAL ADVOCACY
  5. WORKS ON INSTRUMENT DRAFTING
  6. WORKS ON LEGAL RESEARCH

I. GENERAL WORKS ON LEGAL WRITING AND LEGAL STYLE

Bahrych, Lynn, et al. Legal Writing in a Nutshell. 3d ed. St. Paul: West, 2003.
RES KF 250 .S77 2003

This book deals with the basic principles of legal writing. There are chapters on organization, sentence design, punctuation and grammar. Other chapters cover writing research memoranda and client letters.

Calleros, Charles R. Legal Method and Writing. 4th ed. New York: Aspen Law & Business, 2002.
RES KF 250 .C15 2002

The author attempts to eliminate the mystery in the study of law by examining three components necessary for success in law school. He examines how to (1) brief and and synthesize cases, (2) reorganize and summarize course materials in course outlines, and (3) analyze and answer essay exams. The book also examines techniques of advocacy and client representation.

Dernbach, John, and Singleton, Richard. A Practical Guide to Legal Writing & Legal Method. 2d ed. Littleton, CO: F. B. Rothman, 1994.
RES KF 250 .D43 1994

This is a standard legal writing manual for law students. Introduces the basic concepts in legal method (common law and statutory analysis), office memoranda, and the brief. Appendices contain sample memoranda and briefs.

Dworsky, Alan L. The Little Book on Legal Writing. 2d ed. Littleton, CO: F. B. Rothman, 1992.
RES KF 250 .D99 L77 1992

This book covers basics of usage, style, spelling, typeface, and other formalities of legal writing.

Edwards, Linda H. Legal Writing and Analysis. New York: Aspen, 2003.
RES KF 250 E378x 2003

This book takes the reader from the overview of the lawyer's role, through legal analysis, legal writing to oral advocacy.

Fajans, Elizabeth, and Mary R. Falk. Scholarly Writing for Law Students: Seminar Papers, Law Review Notes and Law Review Competition Papers. St. Paul: West Pub Co., 2000.
RES KF 250 .F17 2000

This manual is geared towards the skills involved in scholarly legalwriting. It offers guidance to law students engaged in writing seminar papers, law review notes, and law review competition papers.

Garner, Bryan A. Legal Writing in Plain English: A Text With Exercises. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
RES KF 250.G373x 2001

This text makes a case for breaking with the past as far as legal writing is concerned. Much of legal writing is tedious and hyperformal. This author shows legal writers how to write clearly and concisely.

Garner, Bryan A. The Redbook: A Manual on Legal Style. St. Paul: West Group, 2002.
RES KF 250.G377x 2002

This manual is designed for law students, law professors, practicing attorneys, and judges. It emphasizes how legal writing differs from other forms of technical writing. It gives examples of how to write research memos, opinion letters, demand letters, pleadings, motions, appellate briefs, and contracts.

Johns, Margaret Z. Professional Writing for Lawyers. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1998.
RES KF 250 .J64 1998

This legal writing textbook focuses a great deal on legal ethics and professional responsibility, as well as providing a clear and concise guide to legal writing.

Neumann, Richard K. Legal Reasoning and Legal Writing: Structure, Strategy, and Style. 4th ed. New York: Aspen Publishers, 2001.
RES KF 250 .N48 2001

This text is based on the premise that students should learn legal reasoning and writing in conjunction with each other. This will lead to a better understanding of legal reasoning.

National Labor Relations Board. NLRB Style Manual: A Guide for Legal Writing in Plain English. Washington, DC. For Sale by the Supt. Of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 2000.
RES KF 250 .N73 2000

This looseleaf notebook provides rules and guidelines for citing to and writing about NLRB legal topics.

Rambo, Teresa J. Reid and Leanne J. Pflaum. Legal Writing by Design: A Guide to Great Briefs and Memos. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2001.
RES KF 250. R36x 2001

This book demystifies the legal writing process by showing the relevancy between deductive reasoning and analogical thinking. It provides understandable hypotheticals, outlines, and writing samples.

Ray, Mary B., and Barbara J. Cox. Beyond the Basics: A Text for Advanced Legal Writing. 2d ed. St. Paul: West, 2003.
RES KF 250 .R26 B57 2003

This text gives practical hints on perfecting writing of memoranda of points and authorities, pleadings, and opinion letters.

Romantz, David S. and Vinson, Kathleen E. Legal Analysis: The Fundamental Skill. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1998.
RES KF 240 .R63x 1998

This is a slim, easy-to-read book on legal writing, which explains how to apply the law to fact patterns using analytical skills rather than rote application of memorized formulas.

Shapo, Helene S., Walter, Marilyn R., and Fajans, Elizabeth. Writing and Analysis in the Law. 4th ed. New York: Foundation Press, 1999.
RES KF 250 .S52 1999

This book presents advice on how to analyze case law and statutes. Particular emphasis on the preparation of the legal memorandum and appellate brief is given, as well as some pointers on oral arguments.

Sirico, Louis J. and Schultz, Nancy L. Persuasive Writing for Lawyers and the Legal Profession. New York: Matthew Bender, 1995.
RES KF 250 .S61 1995

This text analyzes tactics to apply to make one's legal writing as persuasive as possible.

Statsky, William, and Wernet, R. John. Case Analysis and Fundamentals of Legal Writing. 4th ed. St. Paul: West, 1995.
RES KF 240 .S79 C33 1995

A basic text on how to read cases, do legal research, and write briefs and memoranda.

Wojcik, Mark E. Introduction to Legal English: an Introduction to Legal Terminology, Reasoning and Writing in Plain English. Washington, DC: International Law Institute, 1998.
RES KF 250 .W65 1998

This textbook is intended for the speaker of English as a second language. In addition to overviews of the American legal system and law schools, there are sample dialogues for legal settings, abbreviations for note-taking, grammar and vocabulary exercises, instruction in legal writing, and a selection of documents and political addresses.

Wydick, Richard. Plain English For Lawyers. 4th ed. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1998.
RES KF 250 .W97 1998

This book provides a short overview of grammar and basic rules of good writing.


II. GENERAL STYLE MANUALS

The Chicago Manual of Style. 14th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
REF Z 253 .C53

This is one of the most authoritative style manuals.

Burchfield, R.W. The New Fowler's Modern English Usage. Revised 3d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
REF PE 1628 .F78 2000

This third edition has been substantially rewritten and now provides a more up to date guide to word usage arranged in a dictionary format.

Strunk, Wilfred and White, E. B. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2000.
RES PE 1408 .S92 2000

This is a short (85 pages) and concise style manual which has become a classic.

Strunk, William Jr. Elements of Style. (visited 08/19/2004) http://www.bartleby.com/141/

This is the online version of the 1918 text, The Elements of Style, which is a classic text for all writers.

Williams, Joseph. Style: Ten Lessons In Clarity & Grace. 5th ed. New York: Longman, 1997.
RES PE 1421 .W72 1997

This is a modern guide to clear English.


III. CITATION GUIDES

ALWD Citation Manual: A Professional System of Citation. 2d ed. Association of Legal Writing Directors and Darby Dickerson. New York: Aspen Publishers, 2003.
RES KF 245 .A45x 2003

This citation manual is written by legal professionals and provides a citation system for use in all legal documents. It does not make a distinction between law review articles and other types of legal writing.

The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. 17th ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law Review Association, 2000.
RES KF 245 .U575

The Bible of legal citation. Exhaustive compendium of rules for citing cases, statutes, foreign and international legal materials, books and articles, and non-print sources. Gives preferred style usage with respect to capitalization, quotations, etc. The tables of U.S. and foreign jurisdictions are particularly helpful for identifying the titles of reporters, statutory compilations, and foreign legal materials when searching in the library catalogs. The seventeenth edition also contains rules on citing electronic sources.

Boychoux, Deborah E. Cite - Checker. Albany: West Legal Studies/Thomson Learning, 2001.
RES KF 245 .B68x 2001

This cite checker is meant to be a comprehensive guide to legal citation for legal practitioners.

Dworsky, Alan L. User?s Guide to the Bluebook. 17 th ed. Littleton,CO: Fred B. Rothman Publications, 2000.
RES KF 245 .D99 2000

This manual is written to help guide law students and lawyers who are using Bluebook citation rules.

Good, C. Edward. Citing & Typing the Law: A Guide to Legal Citation and Style. 4th ed. Charlottesville, VA: Word Store Publications, 1997.
RES KF 245 .G64 1997

This is an excellent guide to The Bluebook, which contains many examples and explanations that will assist the neophyte and advanced legal writer as well. Citing & Typing also analyzes and explains the changes made in the last few editions of The Bluebook.

Martin, Peter W. Introduction to Basic Legal Citation. LII, 2003 ed. (visited 09/19/2004) http://www.law.cornell.edu/citation/citation.table.html.

This is an online citation primer, which is based on the seventeenth edition of The Bluebook. It is a comprehensive guide to legal citation, with hyperlinks to material on Cornell's Legal Information Institute.

McGaugh, Tracy L. et. al. Interactive Citation Workbook for The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. New York: Lexis Publishing, 2002.
RES KF 245 .M34x 2002

The goal of this exercise book is to allow the user to learn the Bluebook citation rules.

Manual on Usage, Style & Editing. 9th ed. Texas Law Review. Austin: Texas Law Review Assoc., 2002.
RES 250 T35 2002

This small manual gives an overview of the Texas Law Review's interpretation of law review article blue book style.

Mowrer, J. Reid. A Bluebook Survival Guide for Students, Editors, Instructors, and Practitioners. Los Lunas, NM: Maria Delgado Publishing, 1998.
RES KF 245 .M69 1998

Written for the sixteenth edition of The Bluebook, this slim volume is designed to teach students the process of "bluebooking."

Tacit: A Federal Tax Citation and Reference Manual. Washington, D.C.: ABA Section of Taxation, 1995.
RES KF 245 .T23 1995

This manual contains citation forms and reference materials relating to federal taxation. It should be used in conjunction with other legal citation manuals, such as The Bluebook.

Walker, Janice R. and Taylor, Todd. The Columbia Guide to Online Style. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
REF PN 171 .F56 W35x 1998

This book grapples with the problems presented by using standard citation formats intended for print resources with electronic media. The authors propose new standards for creation and publication of academic electronic documents, as well as rules for citing them. This guide addresses not only the World Wide Web (WWW), but other aspects of the Internet such as e-mail, listservs, Internet Relay Chat (IRC) and telnet and file transfer protocols (FTP).


IV. WORKS ON BRIEF WRITING AND ORAL ADVOCACY

Ciampi, Maria L., and William H. Manz. The Question Presented: Model Appellate Briefs. Cincinnati: Anderson Pub. Co., 2000.
RES 251 .C53x 2000

This text shows by example how best to write appellate court briefs. It is written for both introductory courses for law students as well as attorneys.

Edwards, Linda Holdeman. Legal Writing: Process, Analysis, and Organization. 3th ed. New York: Aspen Publishers, 2002.
RES KF 250 .E26 2002

This guide contains practical discussion of points to consider in producing office memos and briefs. It provides samples of an office memo, trial-level brief, and appellate brief.

Introduction to Advocacy: Briefwriting and Oral Argument in Moot Court Competition. 7th ed. Prepared by Board of Student Advisers, Harvard Law School. New York: Foundation Press, 2002.
RES KF 281 .A2 H33 2002

This book contains good sections on researching and structuring briefs, and some detail on citation style and form. It includes sample moot court record and briefs, which makes it a useful introduction for students.

Rambo, Teresa J. Reid, and Leanne J. Pflaum. Legal Writing By Design: a Guide to Great Briefs and Memos. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2001.
RES KF 250 .R36x 2001

Topics covered include legal reasoning, techniques for effective writing, composing memos and briefs, formulating arguments, and ethics and professionalism. Appended are samples of a court opinion, a legal memo, and appellant and appellee briefs.

Re, Edward D., and Re, Joseph R. Brief Writing & Oral Argument. 8th ed. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana, 1999.
RES KF 251 .R28 1999

This book is perhaps the most popular treatise on brief writing and oral advocacy. Contents: Part One, Legal Writing; Part Two, Opinion Letters, Trial Briefs and Memoranda on Law; Part Three, Appellate Brief Writing; Part Four, Oral Argument; Part Five, Citing Legal Materials. Appendices contain court rules pertinent to legal papers, sample briefs and form documents.

Smith, Robert B. The Literate Lawyer: Legal Writing and Oral Advocacy. 2d ed. Salem, NH: Butterworth, 1991.
RES KF 250 .S65 1991

This book is a combination of legal style and usage guide, which contains discussion and samples of memoranda, letters, and briefs.

Teply, Larry L. Legal Writing, Analysis and Oral Argument. St. Paul: West, 1990.
RES KF 250 .T31 1990

Designed as a self-teaching text, this book presents fundamental principles of legal writing, introduces legal writing style and problem analysis techniques. It includes sample case brief and two sample memoranda.


V. WORKS ON INSTRUMENT DRAFTING

Ellinport, Jeffrey M. Tools of the Trade: Practical Legal Writing for the 21st Century. San Francisco: Austin & Winfield, 1997.
RES KF 250 .E46 1997

This is an excellent source for examples of many common forms, such as demand letters, complaints, retainer agreements, etc. The author includes rules for drafting these instruments at the beginning of each section, and includes a chapter on etiquette and decorum in writing and in the courtroom.

Haggard, Thomas R. Legal Drafting in a Nutshell. 2d ed. St. Paul: West, 2003.
RES KF 250 .H14 2003

This is a very useful guide to the principles of legal writing, as well as the specifics of preparing a document, determining the client's objectives and intended audience, how to avoid ambiguity, and the requirements of drafting contracts and legislation.

Murawski, Thomas A. Writing Readable Regulations. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1999.
RES KF 250 .M87x 1999

The author is a professor of technical writing who has worked with government agencies to create regulations in clearly expressed English instead of the notorious legalese most public documents are consigned to. Includes many examples of re-written regulations, subpoenas, and agency directives, with exercises in composition.


VI. WORKS ON LEGAL RESEARCH

Berring, Robert. Finding the Law. 10th ed. St. Paul: West, 1995.
RES KF 240 .H84 1995a

This is a concise paperback version of How to Find the Law by Cohen and Olson.

Burkhart, Ann and Stein, Robert S. How to Study Law and Take Law Exams in a Nutshell. St. Paul: West, 1996.
RES KF 283 .B95 1996

This is a guide to locating, evaluating, and organizing legal research material.

Chandler, Yvonne J. Guide to Finding Legal and Regulatory Information on the Internet. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, 1998.
RES KF 242 .A1 C45 1998

This large guide assists the reader in locating legal and governmental information on the World Wide Web. It has good sections on meta-indexes and agency research.

Cohen, Morris, et al How to Find the Law. 9th ed. St. Paul: West, 1989.
RES KF 240 .H84 1989

This is an excellent hornbook on American legal research.

Cohen, Morris L. and Kent C. Olson. Legal Research In A Nutshell. 8th ed. St. Paul: West Group, 2003.
RES KF 240 .C67 2003

Provides an overview of how to do successful legal research using both online and print resources. The authors take law students systematically through the process of legal research from the use of legal encyclopedias and law review articles to legislative and international legal research.

Fine, Toni M. American Legal Systems: A Resource and Reference Guide. Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing, 1997.
RES KF 240 .F49 1997

This slim volume provides an overview of American legal institutions and legal sources, and guides the reader through understanding the relationships between them. This book contains very good charts and examples, and strives to be readable and easy to use.

Heels, Erik J. and Klau, Richard P. Law, Law, Law on the Internet. Chicago: ABA Law Practice Management Series, 1998.
RES KF 242 .A1 H45 1998

This book guides attorneys through the process of locating and evaluating important and reliable law-related sites. While it contains a listing of many URL's, it is not a comprehensive compendium of web sites, but instead takes a broader view of how the Internet impacts attorneys.

Herskowitz, Suzan. Legal Research Made Easy. 2nd ed. Naperville, Ill.: Sphinx Publishers, 1998.
RES KF 240 .H57 1998

A guide for the layperson (or legal novice), explaining how to formulate a legal research question and determine what sort of resources will be necessary, including print, online, and internet tools.

Johnson, Nancy P., et al. Winning Research Skills. 4th ed. St. Paul: West, 1999.
RES KF 240 .J68 1999

Three law librarians have put together a very good, illustrated guide to legal materials. As might be expected from a West publication, information on computer-assisted legal research is limited to WESTLAW, but the advice offered on search strategies will help students make the most of their time online.

Kelso, J. Clark. Studying Law: an Introduction to Legal Research. 3d ed. New York: LEXIS Publishing, 1999.
RES KF 240 .K29 1999

This is a concise guide to legal materials. A computer disk containing a quiz and library research exercises accompanies the book.

Kunz, Christina L. et. al. The Process of Legal Research. 6th ed. New York: Aspen Law & Business, 2004.
RES KF 240 .P96 2004

This text gives the student a step by step approach to legal research. It gives instruction in how to determine whether to use print or electronic resources when conducting legal research in a certain area of the law.

Louis-Jacques, Lyonette. Legal Research Using the Internet. (visited 09/19/2004) http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/~llou/mpoctalk.html.

This website is full of useful hyperlinks and explanations of the whys and wherefores of Internet legal research.

Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library, University of Washington. Introduction to Legal Research on the Internet. (visited 09/19/2004) http://lib.law.washington.edu/ref/btg.htm

This page provides good coverage of what legal material is and is not available on the Internet.

McCully, Brian J., and Grace I. Robinson. The Legal Research Workbook. Cincinnati: Anderson, pub. Co., 1996.
RES KF 240 .M13 1996

A series of exercises in the comprehension and use of standard legal resources: dictionaries, treatises, form books, periodicals, ALR, restatements, case reporters, statutes, administrative law, and Shepard?s.

McKinney, Ruth Ann. Legal Research: a Practical Guide and Self-Instructional Workbook. 4th ed. St. Paul, Minn.: West Pub Co., 2003. Accompanied by supplement: Computer-Assisted Legal Research Problem Set, by Philip K. Woods.
RES KF 240 .M47 2003
RES KF 240 .M47 2003 Supp. Suppl.

A workbook of assignments following several hypothetical legal cases, with detailed tips for getting the most out of case reporters, state and federal statutes, and legal encyclopedias and periodicals. The supplement is a guide to the efficient use of Westlaw and Lexis.

Mersky, Roy M., at al. Fundamentals of Legal Research. 8th ed. New York: Foundation Press, 2002.
RES KF 240 .P77 2002

A comprehensive, classic treatise on American legal research.

Mersky, Roy M. and Donald J. Dunn. Legal Research Illustrated: An Abridgement of Fundamentals of Legal Research. 8th ed. New York: Foundation Press, 2002.
RES KF 240 .P77 L4 2002

This text is an abridgement of the parent text Fundamentals of Legal Research. As such it is intended to give the reader an abbreviated view of how legal research is conducted. It is written for the use of law students as well as scholarly students of other disciplines who want to know how to research the law.

Olson, Kent C. Legal Information: How to Find It, How to Use It. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1999.
RES KF 240 .0365x 1999

This book is an excellent resource for locating legal information. It emphasizes understanding the classification of different types of legal information, which makes the first few steps of any legal research project easier.

Pauwels, Colleen Kristl, et al. Legal Research; Traditional Sources, New Technologies. Bloomington, Ind. : Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, 1999.
RES KF 240 .P38x 1999

A concise introduction to legal research in American law, covering case law, statutory and administrative law, secondary sources, and a brief guide to foreign and international law. Includes a chapter on research in special areas of law such as business, criminal, entertainment, or family law.

Sloan, Amy E. Basic Legal Research: Tools and Strategies. 2d ed. New York: Aspen Law and Business, 2003.
RES KF 240 .S66x 2003

The author of this text concentrates on teaching only essential legal research skills. The book attempts to find a balance between depth and conciseness. It integrates legal research skills with legal writing skills.

Statsky, William P. Legal Research and Writing: Some Starting Points. 4th ed. St. Paul: West Legal Studies, 1999.
RES KF 240 .S79 1999

This book is primarily a legal research manual. Contents: Part I discusses major research tools, citation form, and the components of a law book. Provides checklists for effectively using major research tools. Part II covers legal writing, client letter, memos, and appellate briefs.

Zich, Joanne and McCann, Gary, eds. The Lawyer's Research Companion: A Concise Guide to Sources. Buffalo, NY: Hein, 1998.
RES KF 240 .B43x 1998

This book is intended for the advanced legal researcher who wants guidance in researching subjects such as federal tax law, legislative history, foreign and international law, and administrative law. It also has a good chapter on computer assisted legal research.