International Court of Justice Research Guide

§1.01 Background
§2.01 Current Issues
§3.01 Where to Start
§4.01 Where to Find Texts of Documents
§5.01 Periodicals
§6.01 Organizations
§7.01 For Further Reading
§8.01 Bibliographies & Dictionaries
§9.01 Internet Web Sites


Provided by Claire M. Germain. With thanks to Ms. Heike Fenton for granting permission to reproduce this chapter from the book: Germain's Transnational Law Research. Transnational, 1991-, Looseleaf.


Note: Bracketed references [...] are to call numbers for the Cornell Library Collection.


§1.01 Background

The International Court of Justice (I.C.J.), located at The Hague, The Netherlands, is the main judicial organ of the United Nations . It decides disputes between nations which have agreed to accept its jurisdiction, and gives advisory opinions(1). The I.C.J web site provides useful information on the Court, the history , composition , and jurisdiction of the Court, as well as biographies .


§2.01 Current Issues

As of July 1998, sixty states had accepted the jurisdiction of the Court (many with reservations) (2). The Court has recently strengthened its stature as the place to settle interstate disputes. The current President of the Court is Rosalyn Higgins (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) and the Vice-President is Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh (Jordan) . The fifteen judges are elected to nine-year terms. The Court itself issues press releases intended to keep the general public abreast of current developments. The Court provides a free e-mail subscription for its releases, and they are also are available in print by request at The Hague.


§3.01 Where to Start

Bodie, Thomas J. Politics and the Emergence of an Activist International Court of Justice. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1995. [LAW JX1971.6 .B66 1995]

Commentaries on World Court Decisions (1987-1996). Peter H.F. Bekker, ed. The Hague; Boston: Nijhoff, 1998. [LAW KZ213 .C66x 1998]

A Comprehensive Handbook of the United Nations. Min-Chuan Ku, ed. New York: Monarch, 1978.

This compilation of U.N. documents includes the Rules of the I.C.J. which were first adopted in 1946 and revised in 1978.

Eyffinger, Arthur. The International Court of Justice, 1946-1996. Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1996. [LAW JX1971.6 .E97 1995, OLIN Oversize JX1971.6 .E98x 1996]

Fitzmaurice, Gerald. The Law and Procedure of the International Court of Justice. 2 vols. Cambridge: Grotius, 1986. [LAW JX1971.6 .F55 1986]

A book of scientific value although originally written in the early sixties. Covers general principles, treaty interpretation, international organizations and tribunals, substantive law, competence, and jurisdiction. Has a full study of the ideas of Hersch Lauterpacht, a highly respected former judge of the Court.

The Future of the International Court of Justice. Leo Gross, ed. 2 vols. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana, 1976. [LAW JX1971.6 .F99]

Many international law specialists contributed to this book. Contains chapters on the role of the I.C.J., its place in the U.N. system , national policies and international jurisdiction, and procedural and substantive law issues.

Gill, Terry D. Litigation Strategy at the International Court: A Case Study of the Nicaragua v. United States Dispute. Boston: Nijhoff, 1989. [LAW JX238 .N596 G47 1989]

ICJ/UNITAR Colloquium on Increasing the Effectiveness of the Court (1996: Peace Palace) Increasing the Effectiveness of the International Court of Justice: Proceedings of the ICJ/UNITAR Colloquium to Celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Court. Connie Peck & Roy S. Lee, eds. The Hague; Boston: Nijhoff, 1997. [LAW KZ6275 .I16 1997]

International Court of Justice 1946 - 1996. New York: United Nations Department of Publications, 1998.

A guide to the history, composition, jurisdiction, procedure and decisions of the Court.

The International Court of Justice at a Crossroads. Lori Fisler Damrosch, ed. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Transnational, 1987. [LAW & OLIN JX1971.6 .I61 1987]

Sponsored by the American Society of International Law under a Ford grant.

The International Court of Justice: Its Future Role After Fifty Years. A.S. Muller, D. Rai, J.M. Thuránszky, eds. The Hague; Boston: Nijhoff, 1997- . [LAW JX1971.6 .I57 1997]

The International Court of Justice: Process, Practice and Procedure. Bowett and others. London: B.I.I.C.L., 1997. [LAW KZ6287.I61 1997]

McWhinney, Edward. The International Court of Justice and the Western Tradition of International Law. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; Boston: Nijhoff, 1987. [OLIN & LAW JX1971.6 .M47 1987]

McWhinney, Edward. Judge Manfred Lachs and Judicial Law-Making; Opinions on the International Court of Justice, 1967-1993. The Hague; Boston: Nijhoff, 1995. [LAW JX1971.6 .M47 1995]

McWhinney, Edward. Judicial Settlement of International Disputes: Jurisdiction, Justiciability and Judicial Law-making of the Contemporary International Court. Boston: Nijhoff, 1991. [LAW JX1971.6 .M47 J92 1991]

Oda, Shigeru. Judge Shigeru Oda and the Progressive Development of International Law: Opinions (Declarations, Separate Opinions, Dissents) on the International Court of Justice, 1976-1992). Edward McWhinney, ed. Dordrecht; Boston: Nijhoff, 1993. [LAW JX 1971.6 .O22 1993]

Pomerance, Michla. The United States and the World Court as a "Supreme Court of the Nations": Dreams, Illusions, and Disillusion. Boston: Nijhoff, 1996. [LAW JX1971.6 .P78 U58 1996]

Rosenne, Shabtai. The Law and Practice of the International Court of Justice, 1920-1996. 3d ed. Boston: Nijhoff, 1997. [LAW KZ6275 .R81 1997]

New revised edition of the most complete book on the organizational and procedural issues of the Court. Contains primary sources, cases, and bibliography.

Rosenne, Shabtai. Procedure in the International Court: A Commentary on the 1978 Rules of the International Court of Justice. Boston: Nijhoff, 1983. [OLIN & LAW JX1971.6 .R81 P9 1983]

Rosenne, Shabtai. "Reflections on International Arbitration and Litigation in the International Court of Justice," 9 Forum Internationale. Deventer, The Netherlands: Kluwer Law and Taxation, 1987.

Rosenne, Shabtai. The World Court: What It is and How It Works. 5th rev. ed. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; Boston: Nijhoff; Norwell, Mass.: Kluwer Academic, 1995. [LAW JX1971.6 .R81 W5 1995]

The first part provides a historical overview of the Court, the relationship between the Court and the U.N., and a commentary on the rules and practices of the Court. The second part deals with jurisdiction, how a case is tried, using one case as an example, and the work of the court, including a review of all cases tried. A final chapter assesses the work of the Court. Appendices reproduce excerpts from the Charter of the United Nations, the Statute and Rules of Court, the composition of the Court from 1922 to 1989, a list of parties to the Statute, and judicial statistics.

Shahabuddeen, Mohamed. Precedent in the World Court. Cambridge; N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 1996. [LAW JX1971.6 .S52 1996]

Singh, Nagendra. The Role and Record of the International Court of Justice. Norwell, Mass.: Nijhoff, 1989. [OLIN JX1971.6 .S61 1989]

Lectures given by a former judge of the I.C.J. who died in 1988, shortly after finishing the text.

Szafarz, Renata. The Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Boston: Nijhoff, 1993. [LAW JX1971.6 .S989 1993]

The United States and the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Anthony Clark Arend, ed. Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 1986. [OLIN JX1971.6 .U58, LAW JX1971.6 .U588 1986]

Covers proposals and a discussion on this matter. Has primary sources.


§4.01 Where to Find Texts of Documents

Digest of the Decisions of the International Court of Justice 1976-1985. Rudolf Bernhardt, ed. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1990. [LAW JX64 .F68 ser.A, sect.1, t.7]

Covers substantive and procedural international law, treaties, international organizations, interpretation of the U.N. Charter , settlement of disputes, jurisdiction, judgments, and advisory opinions.

Documents on the International Court of Justice. First Bilingual Edition. Shabtai Rosenne, ed. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1991. (Practitioners' Handbooks on the World Court)

Collection of documents in English and French, the two official languages of the I.C.J. Includes the Rules of the Court of 1978.

Hambro, Edvard Isak. The Case Law of the International Court: A Repertoire of the Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders of the Permanent Court of International Justice and of the International Court of Justice. Leyden, The Netherlands: Sijthoff, 1952-76. [OLIN JX1971.5.A6, LAW JX1971.5 .A62]

International Court of Justice Yearbook (I.C.J.Y.B.) (1947 to date). The Hague: The Court, 1946-.

Provides general information on the organization, jurisdiction, activities, and administration of the Court. Appears in the third quarter of every year. Includes basic texts, the Charter of the U.N., the Statute of the I.C.J. and rules of the Court, a chronology of all the cases to date, biographies of judges, information on the work of the Court, summaries of cases, etc.

Permanent Court of International Justice (P.I.C.J.). Judgments, Orders and Advisory Opinions. The Hague: Permanent Court of Justice, 1922-1946. [LAW JX1971.5 .A22]

Predecessor of the I.C.J. Its reports were published in several series between 1922 and 1946. Series A (Nos. 1-24), Collection of Judgments (1922-1930); Series B (Nos. 1-18), Collection of Advisory Opinions (1922-1930); Series A/B (Nos. 40-80), Judgments, Orders and Advisory Opinions (1931-1946); Series C (Nos. 1-19), Acts and Documents Relating to Judgments and Advisory Opinions Given by the Court (1922-1930); Series C (Nos. 52-88), Pleadings, Oral Statements and Documents (1931-1946); Series D (Nos. 1-6), Acts and Documents Concerning the Organization of the Court; Series E (Nos. 1-16), Annual Reports; Series F (Nos. 1-4), General Indexes. Pleadings, Oral Arguments, Documents (I.C.J. Pleadings ) (1947 to date). The I.C.J. Yearbook (see supra) gives the full title of each case to facilitate the official citation of Pleadings, Oral Arguments and Documents.

Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders (I.C.J.) . The Hague: International Court of Justice, 1947-.

Current decisions are available on the ICJ web site . Older decisions are available to subscribers on WESTLAW (INT-ICJ), 1947 to date. The I.C.J. Yearbook gives the full title of each decision to facilitate the official citation of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders.

Summaries of Judgments, Advisory Opinions, and Orders of the International Court of Justice: 1958-1991. New York: United Nations, 1992. [OLIN Oversize JX1991.A26x 1992, LAW JX1991 .A26 1992]

Verzijl, J. H. W. The Jurisprudence of the World Court: a Case-by-Case Commentary. 2 vols. Leyden, The Netherlands: Sijthoff, 1965. [LAW & OLIN JX1971.5 .V57]

Covers cases from 1922 to 1964.

World Court Digest. Rainer Hofmann, ed. New York: Springer, 1993. [OLIN & LAW JX68 .W93 1993]

Continues Digest of the decisions of the International Court of Justice, 1976-1985.

Congressional materials relevant to the International Court of Justice are accessible through CIS (see Congressional Information Service, Ch. III, §3.16.6) and in U.S. depository libraries. An example follows: U.S. Decision to Withdraw from the International Court of Justice: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, 99th Congress. 1st Session, October 30, 1985. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O., 1986.


§5.01 Periodicals

The U.N. publishes a "Report of the International Court of Justice " in the General Assembly Official Records Set for each session as Supplement No. 4.

International Court of Justice Yearbook (I.C.J.Y.B.) (1947 to date). The Hague: The Court, 1946-.

Provides general information on the organization, jurisdiction, activities, and administration of the Court. Appears in the third quarter of every year. Includes basic texts, the Charter of the U.N, the Statute of the I.C.J. and rules of the Court, a chronology of all the cases to date, biographies of judges, information on the work of the Court, summaries of cases, etc.


§6.01 Organizations

[Reserved.]


§7.01 For Further Reading

Alexandrov, Stanimir A. "Non-Appearance Before the International Court of Justice." 33 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 41 (1995).

Alexandrov, Stanimir A. Reservations in Unilateral Declarations Accepting the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Dordrecht; Boston: Nijhoff, 1995. [OLIN JX1971.6 .A675x 1995, LAW JX1971.6 .A38 1995]

Amsden, Ted T., & Margaret A. Costello. "Arguing in the Hague." 73 Michigan Bar Journal 1094 (1994).

Burroughs, John. The Legality of Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons: A Guide to the Historic Opinion of the International Court of Justice. Munster: LIT, 1997. [OLIN KZ5665 .B87x 1997]

Deutsch, Eberhard P. An International Rule of Law. Charlottesville, Va.: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1977. [LAW JX1971.6 .D48]

Provides full insight into the administrative issues and organization of the Court, with bases of decisions, election of judges, domestic jurisdiction, and enforcement of decrees.

Elian, George. The International Court of Justice. Leyden, The Netherlands: Sijthoff, 1971. [LAW JX1971.6 .E42 1971]

Covers history, organization, the advisory activity, and includes a chapter on decisions and advisory opinions.

Elias, Taslim Olawale. The International Court of Justice and Some Contemporary Problems: Essays on International Law. Boston: Nijhoff, 1983. [OLIN JX1971.6 .E42, LAW JX1971.6 .E42 1983]

Covers aspects of the judicial process, such as non-appearing respondent, provisional measures of protection, and inter-temporal law. Also encompasses international law and development, legal aspects of the new international economic order, and a chapter on human rights.

Elias, Taslim Olawale. The United Nations Charter and the World Court. Lagos: Nigerian Institute for Advanced Legal Studies, 1989. [LAW JX1977 .E42 1989]

Elkind, Jerome B. Interim Protection: A Functional Approach. Boston: Nijhoff, 1981. [LAW & OLIN JX1971.6 .E43 1981]

Covers the background issues on interim protection, history and development of the rules , cases and issues arising from interim measures. Extensive bibliography.

Elkind, Jerome B. Non-Appearance before the International Court of Justice. Boston: Nijhoff, 1984. [LAW JX1971.6 .E43 N8 1984]

A comparative study of the consequences of nonappearance in different systems (civil and common law, roman law, canonical procedure, etc.) and an evaluation of the effects of default in the International Court of Justice. Covers interim protection and self-judgment.

Falk, Richard A. Reviving the World Court. Charlottesville, Va.: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1986. [OLIN & LAW JX1971.6 .F19 1986]

Fifty Years of the International Court of Justice: Essays in Honour of Sir Robert Jennings. Vaughan Lowe & Malgosia Fitzmaurice, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. [LAW JX1971.6 .F46 1996]

Gill, Terry D. "International Court of Justice---Advisory Jurisdiction--Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations --- Reservations," 84 American University Journal of International Law & Policy 742-46 (1990).

Hussain, Ijaz. Dissenting and Separate Opinions at the World Court. Boston: Nijhoff, 1984. [LAW JX1971.6 .H97 1984]

International Court of Justice. The Case Against the Bomb: Marshall Islands, Samoa, and Solomon Islands Before the International Court of Justice in Advisory Proceedings on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons: Questions Posed by the General Assembly and the World Health Organization. Roger S. Clark and Madeleine Sann, eds. Camden, N.J.: Rutgers University School of law at Camden, 1996. [LAW KZ5665 .I61 1996]

Keith, Kenneth James. The Extent of the Advisory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Leyden, The Netherlands: Sijthoff, 1971. [LAW JX1971.6 .K28]

In-depth study of the advisory competence of the I.C.J.

Krea, Milenko. Dissenting Opinion of Judge ad hoc Krea in genocide case preliminary objections. Belgrade: BIGZ, 1997. [OLIN KZ1165 .K74 1997]

Lachs, Manfred. "Thoughts on the Recent Jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice," 4 Emory International Law Review 77 (1990).

Lloyd, Lorna. Peace Through Law: Britain and the International Court in the 1920s. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Rochester, N.Y.: Royal Historical Society/Boydell Press, 1997. [ILR & LAW JX1971.5 .L79 1997]

Merrills, J.G. Judge Sir Gerald Fitzmaurice and the Discipline of International Law: Opinions on the International Court of Justice, 1961-1973. The Hague; Boston: Kluwer, 1998. [LAW KZ6294 .M47x 1998]

Nanda, Ved P. & David Krieger. Nuclear Weapons and the World Court. Ardsley, N.Y.: Transnational, 1998. [LAW KZ5665 .N36x 1998]

New Zealand at the International Court of Justice: French Nuclear Testing in the Pacific: Nuclear Tests Case, New Zealand v. France. Wellington, N.Z.: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1996. [OLIN JX5133 .A7 N53 1996]

O'Connell, Mary Ellen. "The Prospects for Enforcing Monetary Judgments of the International Court of Justice: A Study of Nicaragua's Judgment Against the United States," 30 Virginia Journal of International Law 891 (1990).

Remedies in International Law: The Institutional Dilemma. Malcolm D. Evans, ed. Oxford: Hart, 1998. [LAW TCN: ARG7293]

Ris, Martin. "Treaty Interpretation and ICJ Recourse to Travaux Preparatoires: Towards a Proposed Amendment of Articles 31 and 32 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties," 14 B.C. International & Comparative Law Review 111 (1990).

Rosenne, Shabtai. "All's Well that Ends Well. Or is it? More on the publications of the International Court of Justice,'" 84 American Journal of International Law 586 (1990).

Rosenne, Shabtai. Intervention in the International Court of Justice. Boston: Nijhoff, 1993. [LAW JX1971.6 .R81 I61 1993]

Rosenne, Shabtai. The Time Factor in the Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Leyden, The Netherlands: Sijthoff, 1960. [OLIN JX1971.6 .R81 TS & LAW JX1971.6 R81 T4]

A short introduction to personal and material jurisdiction of the I.C.J.

Schwebel, Stephen M. "The Docket and Decisionmaking Process of the International Court of Justice," 13 Suffolk Transnational Law Journal 543 (1990).

Schwebel, Stephen M. Justice in International Law: Selected Writings of Judge Stephen M. Schwebel. Holmes Beach, FL: Gaunt, 1994. [LAW JX1971.6 .S41 1994]

Written by a highly respected member of the Court. The first half of the book examines the performance and capacity of the ICJ.

Sztucki, Jerzy. Interim Measures in the Hague Court. Deventer: Kluwer, 1983. [LAW JX1971.6 .S99 1983]

A thorough study of the provisional remedies in the I.C.J. Extensive bibliography.

Thirlway, H. W. A. Non-Appearance Before the International Court of Justice. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1985. [OLIN & LAW JX1971.6 .T44 1985]

Thirlway, H. W. A. "Normative Surrender and the 'Duty' to Appeal Before the International Court of Justice: A Reply," 11 Michigan Journal of International Law 912 (1990).

Toope, Stephen J. "Pragmatic Compromise or Mere Transaction? The Use of Chamber Procedures in International Adjudication," 31 Virginia Journal of International Law 53 (1990).

Yambrusic, Edward Slavko. Treaty Interpretation: Theory and Reality. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1987. [OLIN JX4171. I6 Y35x 1987 & LAW JX4171. I6 Y19 1987]

Yarnold, Barbara. International Fugitives: A New Role for the International Court of Justice. New York: Praeger, 1991. [LAW JX1971.6 .M47 J92 1991]


§8.01 Bibliographies & Dictionaries

Bibliography of the International Court of Justice . The Hague: The Court, 1947-. Annual. [LAW Z6464 .Z9B58]

Kdhir, Moncef. Dictionnaire juridique de la Court internationale de justice. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1997. [LAW TCN: ARB743]

Milles, James. International Court of Justice: A Selected Bibliography of Law Review Articles. Monticello, Ill.: Vance, 1985. [OLIN Z6464 .Z9 M654]

Publications of the International Court of Justice: Catalogue. The Hague: I.C.J., 1992.

From the 1946 establishment of the Court until 1992.


§9.01 Internet Web Sites

  • International Court of Justice

Maintained by the Registry of the Court, the site has links to "What is new at the ICJ",general information, basic documents, recent full-text decisions, the current docket of the Court, and information about the publications of the ICJ.

Mirror Sites here at Cornell, at University of Paris II, and at University of Glasgow.

_________________

ENDNOTES:

1. The Court may be contacted at: The Peace Palace, 2517 KJ The Hague, The Netherlands. Tel 31 070 392 44 41, Fax 31 070 364 99 28, E-mail information@icj-cij.org .

2. Eyffinger, Arthur. The International Court of Justice, 1946-1996. Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1996. p. 130-31.