To a great extent, the Donovan Archive represents the scaffolding of the Office of Chief Counsel's (OCC) case against the 24 major defendants. Studied in conjunction with the trial transcripts, these materials illuminate the various processes through which the lawyers and prosecutorial staff shaped many kinds of raw documentary evidence into compelling legal arguments.
The Donovan Archive is a voluminous collection of material related to the first Nurnberg Trials of 1945-1946 and comprises investigative, procedural, and legal documents.
Online Document Access:
Selected documents from the Donovan Archive are accessible online via Donovan Archive Index as PDF files. Each link listed below connects to an index page that summarizes the contents of the document. If a PDF image of the original archive document is available, a link on the index page connects to it. The Collection Archive Index (in production) provides detailed information of each document contained in the Donovan Archive.
- Goering interrogation transcript, 10 May 1945
- Olga Schaub experience report, Ravensbrueck camp
- Concentration camps: a statement by Kaltenbrunner
- Persecution and murder of Jews
- Deportation of Jews from Galicia
- November Pogrom: TWXs from Muller, Heydrich, Eberstein, and Beutel
- Murder Wagons
- Murder Hospitals
- Murder of captured Allied airmen
- Murder of commandos
- British-OSS Slovakia mission
- Schlabrendorff memo, "Relationship of German Churches to Hitler"
- Rothschild memo, "German Monists Organization"
- Hesse report, "German Monists Organization"
- Gestapo agent Kremer, a.k.a. V-Mann Sixtus
- Kaltenbrunner interrogation, 8 October 1945 (No.1)
- Frank interrogation, 7 September 1945
- Frank interrogation, 13 September 1945
- Streicher interrogation, 1 September 1945
- Streicher interrogation, 17 October 1945
- Streicher interrogation, 6 November 1945
- Schacht interrogation, 31 Oct.’45
- Schacht’s letter to Goering, 3 November 1942
- Schacht’s letter to Donovan, 14 Nov.’45
- Schacht’s brief summary re: Third Reich
- Kellerman memo to Donovan, 21 Nov.’45
- Gerhard Wagner interrogation brief, 10 October 1945
- Boley interrogation, 14 September 1945
- Justice Robert H. Jackson letter to The Lord Wright, 5 July 1945
- Justice Robert H. Jackson letter to The Lord Wright, 6 July 1945
- Colonel (JAGD) Charles Fairman memo for Theater Judge Advocate
- General William J. Donovan memo and letter to Justice Jackson, 23 October 1945
- General Edward C. Betts letter to Justice Jackson, 19 October 1945
- General Donovan critique of Justice Jackson letter, 25 October 1945
- Justice Robert H. Jackson letter to General Betts, 25 October 1945
Other collection highlights include:
- - Interrogation reports;
- - Witness testimony, affidavits, and first-person written statements of witnesses, defendants, and prisoners-of-war, many of which are original manuscripts;
- - OSS analyses and English translations of captured German documents;
- - Black-and-white photographs, including several of Hitler in his early life;
- - A variety of maps, charts, and film inventories created or produced by the OSS or OCC;
- - OSS biographical reports of an extraordinary range of persons, mostly Germans, believed to be instrumental or to some significant degree implicated in the Nazi war effort, as well as extended studies of major figures like Hitler, Himmler, and Goering;
- - OSS research & analysis reports on many topics related to the historical, cultural, and socio-economic background, as well as the conduct, of the Second World War, including but not limited to, Germany's economic preparations to wage aggressive war, Nazi alterations of, respectively, German criminal procedure, German real property law, and German inheritance law, Nazi paramilitary and military organizations, concentration camps, and the Nazi's intended annihilation of European Jewry;
- - OCC trial briefs pertaining to the 24 original defendants at the first Nurnberg Trial and addressing the major charges of War Crimes, Crimes Against Peace, and Crimes Against Humanity, as defined by the Charter of the International Military Tribunal;
- - Clippings from contemporaneous periodicals and newspapers;
- - Numerous memoranda by and to Major General Donovan and Justice Jackson;
- - Memoranda and reports by major and minor figures involved in the prosecutorial effort, including Sidney S. Alderman, Colonel John H. Amen, Colonel Telford Taylor, Colonel Robert G. Storey, Dr. Fabian von Schlabrendorff, Captain Otto N. Nordon, Franz Neumann, Dr. Henry J. Kellermann, Commander James B. Donovan, and Commander Sidney J. Kaplan;
- - Lists and directories of OCC personnel, as well as some two dozen issues of a daily newsletter reporting the workday efforts and off-duty diversions available to OCC staff in Nurnberg;
- - Translated transcriptions of Soviet and other foreign radio addresses commenting on the Trials;
- - Translated selections of speeches and writings by infamous Nazis, including Hitler, Hess, Streicher, Rosenberg, Himmler, Goebbels, Bormann, Schacht, and Werner Best;
- - Prosecutor's dossiers on the 24 defendants, namely, Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Robert Ley, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Walter Funk, Hjalmar Schacht, Gustav Krupp, Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Martin Bormann, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Constantin von Neurath, and Hans Fritzsche.
Prepared by John A. Lauricella, Assistant Archivist, Cornell Law Library