Constitutions & Peace Agreements

Constitutions

Indiana University's Liberian Collections Project site has not only the texts of all the constitutions, but also valuable background originally published in the 2nd edition of the Historical Dictionary of Liberia, edited by D. Elwood Dunn, Amos J. Beyan, and Carl Patrick Burrowes (Scarecrow Press, 2001).

1820 Constitution of the American Commonwealth Society
http://www.onliberia.org/con_1820.htm

1839 Commonwealth Constitution
http://www.liberianforum.com/articles/constitution1839.htm

1847 Constitution
http://www.onliberia.org/con_1847_orig.htm

1847 Declaration of Independence
http://www.liberianforum.com/declare.htm

1983 Draft Constitution
http://www.onliberia.org/con_1983_1.htm

1984 Constitution
http://www.theperspective.org/liberianconstitution.html

Dr. Amos Sawyer, former interim president of Liberia and chairman of the National Constitutional Committee which produced the draft culminating in the 1984 Constitution, believes that democratic reform is not possible in Liberia without a new constitution. See Violent Conflicts and Governance.
Challenges in West Africa: the case of the Mano River basin area, 42 Modern African Studies no. 3 P. 1.

Additional Resources

African Repository and Colonial Journal, vol. 19, no. 12 (December 1843), p.379-83

Burrowes, Carl Patrick. Black, Christian Republicans: Delegates to the 1847 Liberian Constitutional Convention, 14 Liberian Studies Journal Number no. 2, p. 64 (1989)

Burrowes, Carl Patrick. Textual Sources of the 1847 Liberian Constitution, Liberian Studies Journal 23 Liberian Studies Journal no. 1 , p. 1 (1998).

Liberian Studies Journal 23 Liberian Studies Journal no. 1 , p. 1 (1998)

Brown, Robert T., Simon Greenleaf and the Liberian Constitution of 1847, 9 Liberian Studies Journal no. 2, p. 51 (1980)

Sawyer, Amos, The Making of the 1984 Liberian Constitution: major issues and dynamic forces, 12 Liberian Studies Journal no. 1, p. 1 (1987)

Peace Agreements

The United States Institute of Peace has compiled a digital collection of Liberian Peace agreements, starting with the Cotonou Agreement in 1993, up to and including the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in August of 2003.

Conciliation Resources has the entire issue online of its journal Accord dealing with the peace process and analyzing the agreements of the 90's. Also included are the texts of several of the agreements.