Customs Bibliographies

  • Dan Bibliography

Dorsinville, R. Dans un peuple de dieux: mythologie de l'Hinterland Liberien, Alger: S.N.E.D, 1971.

Ford, Martin, Indirect rule and the brief apogee of pawnship in Nimba, Liberia, 1918-1930, in Pawnship, Slavery, and Colonialism in Africa, Paul E. Lovejoy and Toyin Falola, ed., Africa World Press 2004, pp. 283-297

Massing, A. and Seibel, Hans Dieter. Traditional organizations and economic development: studies of indigenous cooperatives in Liberia. New York: Praeger, 1974.

Muecke, Liberian Working Group, Changes in traditional forms of economy amongst the Dan in Liberia, Liberia-Forum, v 2, no 2, 1986, pp. 61-7 1986.

Salonek, Christina. 'Making a farm': Lebensmittelproduktion und Ernaehrung bei den liberianischen Dan Bremen: Liberian Working Group, 1986.

Schwartz, A. La vie quotidienne dans un village guere. Abidjan: INADES 1975.

Tahmen, G. W. W. Tahmen. Death ("ga") in Dan culture: concepts, ceremonies and folklore concerning death in north east Liberia. 2 J Ethnologische Zeitschrift Zurich 159-83 (1974).

  • Kpelle Bibliography

Bellman, Beryl Larry. (1975). Village of Curers and Assassins: On the Production of Fala Kpelle Cosmological Categories. The Hague: Mouton.

Bellman, Beryl Larry. Ethnohermeneutics: on the interpretation of intended meaning among the Kpelle of Liberia. In: Marriage and remarriage in populations of the past, London:Academic Press 1981, pp. 259-272.

Bledsoe, Caroline H. (1980). Women and Marriage in Kpelle Society. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

Bledsoe, Caroline H. The manipulation of Kpelle social fatherhood.

In: Ethnology Vol. 19, no. 1 (1980), p. 29-45.

Erchak, Gerald Michael. The acquisition of cultural rules by Kpelle children. 8 Ethos 40-48, issue 1, 1980

Erchak, Gerald M. (1977). Full Respect: Kpelle Children in Adaptation. New Haven: HRAF Publications.

Erchak, Gerald Michael. The nonsocial behavior of young Liberian Kpelle children and its social context. In: Socialization and communication in primary groups. The Hague: Mouton, 1975, p. 27-39.

Erchak, Gerald Michael. Socialization and subsistence, symbol and surgery: women in a West African society. In: Sociologus, Berlin, 1979. Neue Folge, Jahrg. 29, Heft 1, p. 84-96.

Erchak, Gerald M. Cultural anthropology and spouse abuse. In: Current anthropology, Chicago v. 25, no. 3, 1984, p.331-332.

Gay, John (1973). Red Dust on the Green Leaves (Thompson, Conn: Inter-Culture Associates).

Gay, John. The brightening shadow. Chicago: Intercultural Press, 1980.

Gibbs, James L., Jr. (1965). The Kpelle of Liberia. In Peoples of Africa, edited by James L. Gibbs, Jr., 197-240. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Gibbs, James Lowell, Jr. Marital instability among the Kpelle: towards a theory of epainogamy. In: American anthropologist Vol. 65, no. 3 (1963), p. 552-73.

Gibbs, James Lowell, Jr. The Kpelle moot: a therapeutic model for the informal settlement of disputes. (Also at http://www.afn.org/~afn54735/anthro1.html) In: Africa. -- London, 1963. v. 33, no. 1, p. 1-11.

Schmidt, Cynthia E. Interlocking techniques in Kpelle music. In: Selected reports in ethnomusicology, Los Angeles v. 5, 1984, p.195- 216.

Stone, Ruth M. Toward a Kpelle conceptualization of music performance. In: Journal of American folklore. Washington, D.C. v. 94, no. 372, 1981. p. 188-206.

  • Mandingo Bibliography

Atkins, Guy. Manding: focus on an African civilization.

London: Centre for African Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1973.

Corby, Richard A. 1988. Manding Traders and Clerics: the Development of Islam in Liberia to the 1870s. Liberian Studies Journal 13, no. 1: 42-66.

D'Azevedo, Warren L. 1995. Phantoms of the Hinterland: the "Mandingo" Presence in Early Liberian Accounts. Part 2. Liberian Studies Journal 20, no. 1: 58-97.

D'Azevedo, Warren L. 1994. Phantoms of the Hinterland: the "Mandingo" Presence in Early Liberian Accounts. Liberian Studies Journal 19, no. 2: 197-242.

Duncan, Nester H. 1974. Family life in Lofa County : Kissi, Gbandi, Loma, Mandingo, Kpelle. S.L.:.

Earthy, E. Dora. Activities of a Mandingo town, Liberia. In: International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 3rd. Brussels, 1948: Compte-rendu. Tervuren, 1960, p. 75-77.

Ford, Martin. 1989. Nimba's Conquest, Mandingo Trade and the "Rashomon Effect.". Liberia-Forum [West Germany] 5, no. 8: 18-31.

Geysbeek, Tim. Manding voluntary associations in Monrovia.

Goerg, Odile. Mandingo in Liberia. The Journal of African History, 38, no. 3 (1997), pp. 497-534.

Hodge, Carleton T., ed. Papers on the Manding (Bloomington: Indiana University Publication, African Series, vol. 3, 1971.)

Holsoe, Svend. "The Manding in Western Liberia: An Overview," Liberian Studies Journal, Vol. 7 (1976/77), pp. 1-12.

Konneh, Augustine. 1996. Citizenship at the Margins: Status, Ambiguity, and the Mandingo of Liberia. African Studies Review 39, no. 2: 141-154.

Konneh, Augustine. 1996. Religion, Commerce, and the Integration of the Mandingo in Liberia. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America.

Konneh, Augustine. 1993. Indigenous Entrepreneurs and Capitalists: The Role of the Mandingo in the Economic Development of Modern-Day Liberia. Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University.

Konneh, Augustine. 1993. Mandingo Integration in the Liberian Political Economy. Liberian Studies Journal 18, no. 1: 44-62.

Massing, Andreas W. The Mane, the Decline of Mali, and Mandinka Expansion towards the South Windward Coast.

In: Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines. 1985, v.25, no.97, pp. 21-55.

Narrative of a Journey to Masardu, the Capital of the Western Mandingoes (New York: S. W. Green, 1870).

  • Vai Bibliography

Akpan, Monday B. African resistance in Liberia: the Vai and the Gola-Bandi. Bremen: Liberia Working Group, 1988.

Ellis, George Washington Ellis. Negro culture in West Africa.

New York: Neale Publishing, 1914.

Freeman, H. Boakai. The Vai and their kinsfolk. 16The Negro History Bulletin 51-63 (1952).

Holsoe, Svend E. Vai Occupational Continuities: Traditional to Modern 10 Liberian Studies Journal 12-23, issues 2, 1984.

Holsoe, Svend E. Zolu Duma, ruler of the Southern Vai, 17??-1828: a problem in historical interpretation. 15 Liberian Studies Journal 91-108, issue 2, 1990.

Johnson, Jangaba, and Bai T. Moore. Liberia: Vai Tales, in African Folklore, Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1972 at pp. 387-394.

Jones, Adam. Who were the Vai? Journal of African History [Great Britain] 22(2): 159-178, 1981.

Monts, L. P. Conflict, Accommodation, and Transformation: The Effect of Islam on Music of the Vai Secret Societies. In: Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines Paris. 1984, v.24, no.95, p.321-342.

Tuchscherer, Konrad, and P.E. H. Hair. Cherokee and West Africa: Examining the Origins of the Vai Script. 29 History in Africa 427 (2002).

  • Customary Law Bibliography

Akpan, Monday B. African resistance in Liberia: the Vai and the Gola-Bandi. Bremen: Liberia Working Group, 1988.

Allot, A.N. New Essays in African Law Butterworths London, 1970.

Allott, N.M. (1980) The Limits of Law. Butterworths.

Assier-Andreu, L. (2001) Thinking the cultural time of law. The anthropological destiny of the concept of custom, L'Homme, 160 67-89

Brown, A. D. Politics as ritual: rules as resources in the politics of the Liberian hinterland. 81 J. African Affairs 479-97 (1982)

Comaroff, J. L., and S.A. Roberts, Rules and Processes: The Cultural Logic of Dispute in an African Context (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1981)

Daannaa, H.S. (1994) "The Acephalous Society and Indirect Rule System in Africa', Journal of Legal Pluralism, 34:61-85.

Elias, T. O. The Nature of Customary Law. Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1956

Ellis, George Washington. Negro culture in West Africa: A Social Study of the Negro Group of Vai-Speaking People, With Its Own Invented Alphabet and Written Language. New York: Neale Publishing, 1914.

Erchak, G. M. Cultural Anthropology and Spouse Abuse. 25 Current Anthropology 331-332, issue no. 3

Fanthorpe, R. (2001) Neither citizen nor subject? Lumpen' agency and the legacy of native administration in Sierra Leone, African Affairs, African Affairs, 100 (400), 363-386.

Fahey, R.P. (1971) The Poro as a System of Judicial Administration in North Western Liberia, African Law Studies, 4:1- 25.

Ford, Martin. Indirect rule and the brief apogee of pawnship in Nimba, Liberia, 1918-1930, in Pawnship, Slavery, and Colonialism in Africa, Paul E. Lovejoy and Toyin Falola, ed., Africa World Press 2004, pp. 283-297

Gay, John. The brightening shadow. Chicago: Intercultural Press, 1980.

Gay, John. Red dust on the green leaves; a Kpelle twins' childhood. Thompson, CT: InterCulture Associates, 1973

Gibbs, J. "Poro Values & Courtroom Procedures in a Kpelle Moot," 18 Southwestern J. Anthro. 341 (1963).

Harris, O., (ed). Inside and Outside the Law: Anthropological Studies of Authority and Ambiguity (London and New York: Routledge, 1996)

Holsoe, Svend. E. "The Manding in Western Liberia: An Overview," Liberian Studies Journal, Vol. 7 (1976/77), pp. 1-12.

Holsoe, Svend E. The manipulation of traditional political structures among coastal peoples in western Liberia during the nineteenth century 21 J Ethnohistory 158-67 (1974) issue number 2.

Konneh, Augustine. 1996. Citizenship at the Margins: Status, Ambiguity, and the Mandingo of Liberia. African Studies Review 39, no. 2: 141-154.

Konneh, Augustine. 1996. Religion, Commerce, and the Integration of the Mandingo in Liberia. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America.

Leopold, R. S.The Shaping of Men and the Making of Metaphors: The Meaning of White Clay in Poro and Sande Initiation Society Rituals, in 7 Anthropology p.21-42, issue no.2, 1983.

Massing, Andreas. The Political System of the Kru

Massing, Andreas, and Hans Dieter Seibel. Traditional organizations and economic development: studies of indigenous cooperatives in Liberia. New York: Praeger, 1974.

McAndrews, R. I. Liberian village trial and "American justice" 14 Journal of Practicing Anthropology 103-109 (2001) issue no. 3.

Muecke, Liberian Working Group, Changes in traditional forms of economy amongst the Dan in Liberia, Liberia-Forum v 2, no 2, 1986, pp. 61-7 1986

Prillaman, Jerry L. Integration of Tribal Courts into the National Judiciary of Liberia: The Role of the Local Courts Advisor. Liberian Law Journal, 2.1 (1966): 43-67.

Read, J. S., Customary Law under Colonial Rule in MF Morris and JS Read (ed) Indirect Rule and the Search for Justice, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1972.

Saha, Santosh. Reviving African Cultural Traditions: The Liberian Case 15 Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives,pp. 181-194 (Sweden) 1996, issue no. 3-4, Sept-Dec.

Sawyer, H. The Earth-Goddess (A Study of a Mythical Concept which Directs the Life of Many Ethnic Groups in Africa). 33Studia Missionalia Rome. 1984, p.29-64.

Sevareid, Peter. The case of the unreturned goat: dispute resolution by a Mano court in Liberia. 7 Temp. Int'l & Comp. L.J. 61 (1993).

Sevareid, Peter. I Know Money, I Don't Know Human Beings: A Mano House Palaver, 17 Liberian Studies Journal 105 (1992).

Tarayia, G. Nasieku. The Legal Perspectives of the Maasai Culture, Customs and Traditions. 21 Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law 183 (2004)

Tonkin, Elizabeth. Autonomous judges: African ordeals as dramas of power. Ethnos. 2000, v.65, no.3, pp. 366-386.

Woodham, Gordon R. Customary Law in Common Law Systems
From the Institute of Develoment Studies' International Workshop on Rule of Law and Development, held on June 1-3, 2000.

Woodman, Gordon R., and Akintunde O. Obila, editors. African Law and Legal Theory, NYU Press, 1995.