Freedom from Domestic Violence as a Fundamental Human Right Resolutions, Presidential Proclamations, and Other Statements of Principle
Across the United States, advocates and government actors are increasingly looking to human rights principles to address pressing concerns. This is especially true at the state and local levels. Since 2011 an increasing number of local government bodies across the country have adopted resolutions or proclamations recognizing that freedom from domestic violence is a human right. This page contains these resolutions and proclamations, laws citing to them, and federal statements that similarly have recognized freedom from domestic violence as a human right.
Updated May 2017. Ongoing efforts to track and analyze these local efforts have been undertaken jointly by Columbia Law School's Human Rights Institute, University of Miami School of Law Human Rights Clinic, and Cornell Law School's Gender Justice Clinic.
For more information please contact Elizabeth Brundige, Cornell Law School's Gender Justice Clinic, and JoAnn Kamuf Ward, the Human Rights in the US Project at Columbia Law School's Human Rights Institute.
Resolutions by County, Town, and Municipal Governments
For discussion of the resolutions' features, click here.
- Cincinnati, OH (2011)
- Baltimore, MD (2012)
- Miami Springs, FL (2012)
- Prattville, AL (2012)
- Erie County, NY (2012)
- Albany County, NY (Legislature) (2012)
- Albany County, NY (Executive) (201 2)
- Albany City, NY (2012)
- Miami-Dade County, FL (2012)
- Montgomery City and Montgomery County, AL (2012)
- Seattle, WA (2012)
- Washington, D.C. (2013)
- Travis County, TX (2014)
- Austin, TX (2014)
- Boston, MA (2014)
- Jacksonville, FL (2014)
- Chicago, IL (2014)
- Tompkins County, NY (Legislature) (2014)
- Ithaca (Town), NY (2014)
- Lansing (Town), NY (2015)
- Tompkins County, NY (Council of local governments) (2015)
- Cayuga Heights, NY (2015)
- Ithaca (City), NY (Legislature) (2015)
- Ithaca (City), NY (Executive) (2015)
- Laredo (City) and Webb County, TX (2015)
- State College, PA (Executive) (2015)
- Dallas (City), TX (2015)
- Iowa (City), IA (2016)
- Fall River, MA (2016)
- New Bedford, MA (2016)
- Beaver County, UT (2017)
- Garfield County, UT (2017)
- Salt Lake County, UT (2017)
- Weber County, UT (2017)
- Berkeley, CA (2018)
- Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault in the United States: A Human Rights-Based Approach and Practice Guide (Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute, Miami Law Human Rights Clinic, ACLU Women's Rights Division, 2014)
Local Legislation Citing Domestic Violence Resolutions
The Miami-Dade County Commission amended its anti-discrimination ordinance in July 2014, adding victims of domestic violence, dating violence, or stalking to the list of protected classes regarding discrimination in employment, family leave, public accommodations, credit and financing practices, and housing accommodations. The amendment cited the language from the 2012 Miami-Dade County domestic violence resolution in its preamble: "Whereas on July 17, 2012, Resolution Number R-644-12 was adopted whereby this Board expressed its intent to join world leaders and leaders within the United States in recognition of domestic violence as a human rights concern and declare that the freedom from domestic violence is a fundamental human right . . . ."
Federal Government Proclamations and Statements
- Presidential Proclamation: Twentieth Anniversary of VAWA (2014)
- Presidential Proclamation: National Domestic Violence Awareness Month (2014)
- Nancy Pelosi Statement (2014)
- Presidential Proclamation: National Domestic Violence Awareness Month (2015)
- U.S. Department of Justice, Identifying and Preventing Gender Bias in Law Enforcement Response to Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence (2015)
- Presidential Proclamation: National Domestic Violence Awareness Month (2016)
- HUD Final Rule: VAWA Implementation in HUD Housing Programs (2016)
Between 2014 and 2016, President Barack Obama issued four proclamations on violence against women reaffirming the "basic human right to be free from violence and abuse." In 2014, Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi issued a statement recognizing October as Domestic Violence Awareness Month and declaring that "[f]reedom from abuse is a basic human right -and all victims of violence deserve our support." In 2015, the U.S. Department of Justice issued guidance on identifying and preventing gender bias in law enforcement response to sexual assault and domestic violence, noting that the guidance was intended to "reflect and further the department's partnership with police leaders, line officers, and detectives who work tirelessly to ensure that policing is free from bias and to uphold the civil and human rights of the communities they serve." In 2016, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development issued its final regulations implementing the housing protections of the federal Violence Against Women Act, which cited President Obama's 2014 proclamations that discussed the human right to be free from violence and abuse and stated that "the implementation of the policies laid out in this rule will help to enforce this basic human right."
Coordinated by Columbia Law School's Human Rights Institute, University of Miami School of Law Human Rights Clinic, and Cornell Law School's Gender Justice Clinic.