Michael Frakes received a B.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), a J.D. from Harvard Law School and a Ph.D. in Economics from MIT. After graduating from law school, Michael worked as an associate with the Mergers and Acquisitions group of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP. He was an Aging and Health Economics Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research from 2007-2009 and an Academic Fellow at Harvard Law School's Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics from 2009-2011. He is generally interested in empirical research in the areas of health law and innovation policy (with an emphasis in patent law). His research in health is largely focused on understanding how certain legal and financial incentives affect the decisions of physicians and other health care providers. His research in innovation policy largely centers around the relationship between the financing of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and key aspects of its decision making. His scholarship has appeared in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, the Vanderbilt Law Review, the American Law and Economics Review, and the Journal of Health Economics.